INTRODUCTION - USCT IN THE MOBILE, ALABAMA CAMPAIGN

Researched and compiled by

Bennie J. McRae, Jr. The organization of Union forces under the command of Major General Edward R.S. Canby began operations on March 17, 1865 and ended on or about April 12, 1865. The major units and commanders are listed below:

Engineer Brigade Brigadier General Joseph Bailey
Siege Train Brigadier General James Totten
Thirteenth Army Corps Major General Gordon Granger
Sixteenth Army Corps Major General John M. Johnson
Column From Pensacola Bay, Florida Major General Frederick Steele
Cavalry Brigadier General Thomas J. Lucas
Artillery Brigadier General Joseph F. Knipe
District of South Alabama Brigadier General T. Kilby Smith

Assigned to the Engineer Brigade were two U. S. Colored Infantry Regiments, the 96th and 97th U. S. Colored Infantry Regiments.

Assigned to the The Column From Pensacola Bay, Florida was the First Division made up entirely of U. S. Colored Infantry, nine regiments in three brigades.

Listed below are the regiments and a brief history which includes previous engagement before the Mobile Campaign (USCI = United States Colored Infantry Regiment):

REFERENCES:

Dyer, Frederick H. A COMPENDIUM OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 3 Volumes. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.

Gladstone, William A. MEN OF COLOR. Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1993.

Wilson, Joseph T. THE BLACK PHALANX: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-'65. Hartford, CT.: American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.)

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SOURCE OF REPORTS, ORDERS AND LETTERS:

United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 48. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.


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